Buddhist Education

Over the last couple of decades Thai schooling has moved from control of the temples, on whose land many Thai schools have been built, and into the hands of trained teachers and boards of lay governers. And it is probably a good thing. However, education can still incorporate the principles from Buddhism, especially non-violence and anti materialism. Hence some schools have been reintroducing these concepts. Below is and article relating to one such school opening this year in Pak Chong, to which interested people are invited to attend the launch day on the 14th Feb.

Buddhist Boarding School Open Day at Panyaprateep School , Pak Chong

Sat 14 Feb ,8.30 am-4.30 pm
www.panyaprateep.com for more  information (in Thai only)


Learning a better way
Formerly with the NESDB, Dr Witit Rachatatanun talks about how
Buddhist education can solve many of the country’s social problems

Published: 16/01/2009 at 12:00 AM

A former assistant secretary-general of the National Economics and
Social Development Board (NESDB), Dr Witit Rachatatanun recently
entered a new and important chapter of his life. He decided to devote
his energy to the country’s education system, believing that education,
not the economy, is the real key to help rescue a society that is

‘‘As a parent, you have to seriously consider
morality as one of the most important elements
in a child’s life curriculum,” says economist-
turned-educationist Dr Witit Rachatatanun.

After 22 years as a civil servant building
development strategies for the country, the
academic with a Bachelor’s in Economics from
London School of Economics and a PhD in
Education from Harvard University took the
opportunity to retire early in 2004. Dr Witit then had the time and
opportunity to practice dhamma, and to talk to the Venerable Phra
Acharn Jayasaro. The former abbot of the International Forest
Monastery gave him an understanding of the true cause of society’s
problems, and, for the first time in his life, a chance to understand

Today, Dr Witit is a consultant for Thawsi, an elementary school
following Buddhist educational principles which is run by his wife,


Bupaswat “Khru Onn” Rachatatanun. He is also a member of the
Ethical Review Committee for Research Involving Human Research
Subjects, Health Science Group of Chulalongkorn University, and a
director of Panyaprateep school, a Buddhist-approach secondary school.
A boarding school built on an 84-rai plot of land in the verdant setting
of Pak Chong in Nakhon Ratchasima, Panyaprateep school is scheduled
to open in May, with the first batch of 20-25 students at Year 7.

With over two decades working with the NESDB, what do you think is
Thailand’s biggest problem? What is holding the country back from full

People not understanding themselves and not realising what they need –
that is the main problem at the individual level. People aren’t sure what
a good life should be, what happiness is and how they can achieve it.
They believe they have to only consume and indulge their senses in
order to be happy.

On a national scale, when it comes to developing the country, the focus
is always on whether or not people have enough income, whether we
provide enough social services like schools and hospitals, whether we
have improved the quality of our products and, at the highest level,
whether people have spare money so they can enjoy life.

These aren’t wrong but unfortunately it seems that the economy is
always the most important thing – more important than the real quality
of people’s lives.

So, a good economy is not the answer for a good society?

Recently I was listening to Phra Acharn Jayasaro, and he said that we
tend to look at human beings as a resource to serve the economy. We
are concerned that a person has a job and is efficient – efficient in the
way of being skilful and materially productive.

Because we take the economy as our objective, the GDP (Gross
Domestic Product) has been one of the nation’s highest goals and we’ll
do anything at any cost to reach that goal. So, along the way, we don’t
really care whether we destroy things or lives, we just say it’s OK when


we reach our target and have lots of money we can use to fix the
problems. Building rehabilitation centres for young drug addicts, for
instance. But the curative way is never a good option for the society.

Aren’t there countries that have a growing economy and also a good
quality of life that we can follow?

Actually, there are hardly any. Even a “peaceful” country like Finland,
which seems to have a very good quality of life, has serious hidden
problems. Finland has the highest GDP as well as a high literacy rate,
but it also has a very high murder rate. Lately there have been two
school massacres there, too.

The Buddhist-approach boarding school, Panyaprateep, in Nakhon

This is not to mention the two
economically powerful countries like
Japan, where the suicide rate is very high,
and the United States, where there are
many social conflicts.

Does that mean that the GDP is a
misleading index?

Let me put it this way: if there’s a terrible number of road accidents or
burglaries in the country each year, would our GDP rate increase? Of
course it would. Cars would have to be repaired, people would have to
go to hospital and more security guards would be needed. Disasters
definitely help create more jobs and boost the GDP rate.

In the West, the number of people suffering from stress has increased
tremendously and doctors have had to prescribe billions of dollars
worth of anti-depressants and sleeping pills each year. Definitely, the
GDP has increased but at the cost of people’s lives.

So, which one should we wish for – a high GDP with a low quality of
life, or an inactive economy but a peaceful life?


In what way should the country be developed? How can we fix the
problems at this stage?

I think we should look to the deepest roots of society – the education
system. Nowadays the focus is always on the academic side – how to
achieve academic success. That way, though, we will never catch up
with the fast-changing society. As soon as we graduate from school,
some academic skills and the knowledge that we learned may have
already become outdated.

Buddhist education is a way to solve the problem because we don’t
teach children a body of knowledge, but how to learn and how to enjoy
learning. Above all, we teach them the ability to develop life skills and
how to be a good person.

Children can never be good by themselves without being taught or
trained. As a parent, you should never assume that they will develop
these things by themselves or that grandparents will teach them during
their leisure time. You have to seriously consider morality as one of the
most important elements in a child’s life curriculum – and that’s what we
do in Buddhist education.

What inspired you to become involved in Buddhist education?

I felt that I owed so much to my country as I graduated with my degrees
through government scholarships. Even though I’ve been a civil servant
for over 20 years, I still regard myself as having this debt which needs
to be repaid.

As I realised that my time was getting shorter every day, I took the early
retirement believing that I might be able to give more to our society
which seemed to be spiralling downwards.

From meeting Phra Acharn Jayasaro and practising dhamma, I’ve come
to realise that social problems are a result of the failure of our education
– a system that is solely geared towards academic success and material


And in order to improve education, we have to build better schools. Not
just any school but schools that offer correct education.

Tell us about the Panyaprateep school.

Panyaprateep school is a non-profit boarding school that aims to nurture
the whole child – physically, spiritually and academically – following
Buddhist principles of sila (ethical conduct), samadhi (steadiness of
mind) and panya (insight wisdom). We don’t just offer academic
education, we provide a good, balanced lifestyle between nature and the
material world.

At our school children, from Year 7 to Year 12, are encouraged to
understand nature and to react with their surroundings, because that’s
the first step in getting to know themselves

Why is understanding oneself so important?

If you don’t understand yourself, you’ll never realise your potential and
your value. Most children today focus on materialism and believe they
have to depend on something else all the time. Many of them are under
the wrong influences.

You can’t give true value to yourself if your education is limited to
classroom. Many teachers in mainstream education believe that the
children must be taught by teachers and learn from textbooks. But this
way they will never know that they can learn from almost anything
around them, such as their families and the natural surroundings.

Does this kind of education risk compromising academic excellence?

Not at all. We are as serious about academic content as ordinary good
schools, but we have a different approach.

What I’m trying to say is that not every child is born with great ability
to compete academically, but all of them can be academically excellent.
But if you look for academic virtue from the start, you are just ruining
the children.


Many parents might think that they are happy with the way their
children are raised and believe that their lives are already good. Why
should they be interested in Buddhist education?

It depends on how you define the term ‘good.’ If by ‘good’ you mean
giving in to the search for personal happiness, I don’t think it’s truly

‘Good’ in Buddhism means that you do good deeds for yourself and
others at the same time. It is not true goodness if you think “OK, I
should make myself happy first and then do something good for the
community” – that way you just nurture your selfishness.

We forget to teach our children to always do something good for
society, nature, the country and the world. Mainstream education often
teaches children how to survive and live their own lives. Western
education makes us think that humans can master the world and control
nature because we are clever. But it isn’t that way in reality.

Who is the Panyaprateep school for?

For people who realise that there are problems in mainstream education
and want to find a good solution; parents who are affected by the
current education system and perhaps suffering from raising their

However, we aren’t just looking for students, we are also seeking other
methods of support. We are glad to welcome those who have faith in
what we’re doing and would be willing to help by joining our team,
because building a school is not easy, and it cannot be accomplished by
just one group of people. It needs the cooperation and commitment of a

For more information on Panyaprateep school, contact 02-713-0260/1
or 087-042-4111 or

visit http://www.panyaprateep.com.