Culture – Tak Baht Thevo day

24th October 2010

Tak Baht Thevo Custom

This festival is called the ‘Tak Baht Thaewo’ and is essentially an auspicious pindapada, almsround. It is in commemoration of the end of the Buddha’s 7th Rains retreat when he came down from the Tavatimsa heaven. The story goes that he had been teaching Abhidhamma (philosophical explanation of how mind and matter work) to his mother who had passed away 7 days after the Buddha’s birth. He descended from that heavenly relm via a triple staircase of Silver, Gold, and Emerald – and you can see an image of this behind the main Buddha statue in most temples.

Buddha’s descent from the Tavatimsa Heaven

During the Rains retreat the Buddha came back to this world each day and gave a summary of the teaching to his main disciple Sariputta, while leaving a replica of himself teaching the Devas in heaven. Apparently only Devas have the capacity to understand Abhidhamma, but Sariputta insisted that the world of men have access to the summaries. The Abhidhamma in fact is larger than the Suttas and Vinaya sections of the Tipitaka. Most scholars consider the Abhidhamma to be the work of later scholars who rearranged the teaching into, essentially, a big set of lists. It is still Buddha-Dhamma, but rearranged.

The Buddha descended from the heaven to lead a procession of 100 arahant monks out on almsround about the town.

Descent from Tavatimsa Heaven

The ceremony involves a special almsround, usually inside the temple grounds, but also in some special public places. The monks will generally circumambulate the central chapel while the people offer food into the bowls. There is always far too much to carry and volunteers will be following the monks putting the offerings into sacks. Generally it is all over by 9 or 10 am.

 One variation is the Tak Baat Phra Roy (100 monks almsround) festival which started in Pathom Thani, where the monks go almsround by boat.

One reply on “Culture – Tak Baht Thevo day”

  1. Cindy & I went to Sangklaburi and attended the Tak Baht Thevo at the Mon Temple (5 syllables, 3 W’s), a lively event, maybe thousands of people dressed in their finery. We gave some of the young women at our hotel a ride to the temple. They excitedly compared shoes they’d bought the night before for the occasion, all encrusted with jewels. There may have been a hundred monks with double the number of assistants grappling with the offerings, followed by a half dozen Maechee (no Temple attendants for them). They began at 9 and were still at it when we left at 11.
    The other seasonal event we witnessed was the hatching of gazillion flying insects called “jeep-ba-gao,” I think. Some time in the night, the cocoons or chrysalis of these bugs coated the Mon Bridge. Most of the bugs had hatched by morning, like very small dragonfly-like insects, double wings, long thin body & two long kite tails out the back. The long bridge had an almost fluffy look with millions of empty cocoons, like tiny empty snake skins, fluttering in the breeze.
    Fascinating phenomena. . . is anyone familiar with this?

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